vim Frequent Used Commands

 

Command

Description

 Save and Quit

:w

Save changes

:wq   or   😡

Save changes and quit

:q! 

Quit without saving

u

Undo last change

 Move Cursor

^

Move cursor to the beginning of current line

$

Move cursor to the end of current line

w

Move cursor to the beginning of next word

b

Move cursor to the beginning of preceding word

Delete

dw

Delete single word beginning with the character under cursor

dd

Delete current line

d$

Delete the remaining of line beginning with the character under cursor

:1,$d

Delete all the lines

:1,Nd

Delete 1 to N lines

:Ndd

Delete the next N lines, including the current line

Copy and Paste

yw

Copy a word

yy

Copy current line

Nyy

Copy the next N lines, including the current line

:1,Ny

Copy 1 to N lines

p

Paste buffer after the current line

:r filename

Read file named filename and insert after current line

 Search and Replace

/string

Search for a string. Press n, cursor moves to the next occurrence; Press N, cursor moves to the preceding occurrence.

:s/old/new/g

Find each occurrence of ‘old’ on the current line and replace it with ‘new’

:%s/old/new/g

Find each occurrence of ‘old’ throughout the file and replace it with ‘new’

 Display

:set number

Display line numbers

:vsplit filename

Split vi vertically and display file named filename on the left half

ctrl-w ctrl-w

Move cursor between split screens

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